Is Being Vegan Unnatural?
As a vegan, you’ve probably been warned already about the importance of B12 vitamin. But it’s never too much of talk about this: B12 is extremely important for the health of the nervous system. The lack of vitamin B12 it can cause permanent irreversible damage. We’re all better off taking care of it much in advance.
Until recently, animal products were the only products with vitamin B12 that humans could consume. That was very happily used by many omnivores to point at how ‘unnatural’ vegan diet was. This idea, though, comes from a misunderstanding that animals produce B12. Which is far from the truth.
Thing is, vitamin B12 is an unusual nutrient. It’s actually produced by bacteria, found mostly in the soil and water sources. Hence, herbivorous animals in the natural environment get it from the plants and water.
However, this does not apply to the majority of farmed animals. Opposite to the idyllic picture of a happy cow on a greenfield, the majority of the farmed animals are kept in the industrial facilities with extremely limited space to move. Such animals hardly get to see any sunlight, not to mention access to the fields. These animals are fed anything but fresh grass – soybeans, corn, wheat, by-products of other factory-farmed animals, even chicken manure. Where do these animals get B12, you may ask. Around 95% of all manufactured B12 supplements are actually given to farmed animals. That’s right – animal food that’s promoted by the industry to be the best source of B12 actually happens to be an unnecessary step in obtaining this vitamin.
What Options Do We Have?
The forms of the vitamin include four forms: cyanocobalamin, hydroxocobalamin, adenosylcobalamin, and methylcobalamin. You may see one of these forms on the label of B12 vitamin supplements.
Which one is the best to choose? Cyanocobalamin is the most affordable and accessible form of B12 supplement that is produced synthetically. It is the most researched form of cobalamin (another name for B12 vitamin), therefore most preferred by vegan doctors. At the same time, methylcobalamin and adenosylcobalamin are considered by some experts to be more bio-available sources of B12 for the body. As for hydroxocobalamin, it is usually used as an injection to treat B12 deficiency.
Teens and adults are recommended to get 2.4 mcg of B12 daily. For children of different ages, the recommendations are lower depending on the age, and for pregnant and breastfeeding women this amount is slightly higher – 2.6 mcg. In order to get these amounts absorbed by the body, it is advised by experts to take cyanocobalamin in the amount of 2,500 mcg each week or 250 mcg daily (recommended by Michael Greger, M.D.) or 1,000 mcg methylcobalamin daily (recommended by Michael Klaper, M.D.).
Vitamin B12 Deficiency
As surprising as it sounds, B12 vitamin deficiency can occur among meat-eaters as well as vegans. In fact, vegans on average show higher levels of B12 in test results, than meat-eaters.
At the same time, as high as around 39% of the population may be actually on the edge of being deficient in B12.
B12 vitamin deficiency is a serious matter that can trigger unwelcomed changes in the body, including irreversible spinal cord damage, blindness, paralysis, brain dysfunction, and even death. Lack of adequate supplementation may be especially dangerous in the case of pregnant women since newborns can develop deficiency much more rapidly with dangerous outcomes.
Vitamin B12 deficiency in adults may be developing slowly (thanks to the storage of this vitamin in the liver).
Luckily, there are many ways to get B12 on the plant-based diet. Let’s take a look at vegan sources of B12.
Vegan Sources of Vitamin B12
There are few vegan sources of B12 that are accessible and affordable, for example:
- vegan supplements: the easiest way to make sure you get your recommended dose of this vitamin. There are various forms of B12 supplements available (always look for a ‘vegan’ sign on the products since some supplements may be derived from animals):
- oral supplements: definitely the most popular form of B12 supplement, can be taken in the form of a sublingual (under-the-tongue) oral spray, liquid drops, lozenges, gummies, etc.
- shot: B12 injection that can be prescribed by a doctor to treat existing B12 vitamin deficiency. It can be a very effective way to boost B12 levels in the body, but there may be side-effects to this method.
- nasal gel spray
- topical patches
- fortified foods, e.g. nutritional yeast, some brands of plant milk or yogurts, marmite, breakfast cereal and energy bars. To get enough of B12 so to not develop a deficiency (if you don’t take any supplements), you’d need to get at least 3 portions of fortified foods that give minimum 25% of DV (check the product label). Though fortified food is not considered a very reliable source of this vitamin.
- water lentil crop: this study shows that water lentil crops (or duckweed) contain naturally-occurring forms of B12. This is probably the first discovered naturally-occuring of vegan sources of B12. 100g of this dry plant has shown to contain 750% of the daily recommended value.
Which B12 supplement to choose?
My favorite source of B12 is a vegan methylcobalamin organic spray MyKind Organics by Garden of Life. It tastes great, quick and easy to use (just spray it under the tongue) and doesn’t have any artificial sweeteners. You can get it both at Amazon.com or iHerb.com (use iHerb code BDA8290 for an up to 10% discount).